Brief about Hair Fall
Hair fall has become a common condition these days that is affecting all age groups with the tremendous change in lifestyle. However, once in life, everybody faces temporary to severe hair loss problems. It is normal for an individual to lose 50 to 100 strands of hair in a day. But if the condition gets worse, a person may go through with bald patches, thinning hairs, and scalp infections leading to hair fall.
What Causes Hair Fall?
Mostly the root cause of massive hair fall is predicted to be hereditary male or female pattern baldness, especially if someone has a strong family history. In other cases, hair fall can be temporary due to a halt in the cycle of hair growth due to surgeries, prolonged illness, pregnancy, menopause, surgery or traumatic events leading to stress and anxiety. In these cases, mild treatments and medications can help to regrow the hair. Thinning of hairs is a most common problem due to lack of intake of protein, iron, and other nutrients in regular diet.
Some severe medical conditions even increase the chances of occurrences of hair fall that includes, thyroid, alopecia areata, and scalp infections. Also, medications to treat chronic diseases such as arthritis, cancer, hypertension, and heart problems results in hair fall in adults.
How is hair fall diagnosed?
Excessive hair fall indicates some major underlying health problem. In that case, the concerned dermatologist will perform a physical examination and ask about your present health conditions. Some cases may require Biopsy if there is any skin or autoimmune diseases are found. Detecting the exact cause of hair fall is a complex process and needs an expert to determine an effective treatment. Sometimes the blood tests are also required.
Treatments for Hair Fall
In respect to the hair fall treatment process, there is a prescription based treatment and a non-prescription based treatment to control the undue hair fall.
Minoxidil is used to stimulate hair growth, especially in men, its medicine is available in the form of foam or shampoo which can be directly applied to the scalp. There are chances of side effects if it is not used under medical guidance.
- Low- Laser Hair Treatments
In non-prescription treatment, low-level hair therapy is considered to be the safest methods that stimulate hair follicles to grow healthier and to increase the density. The process will take the involvement of laser devices to treat the issues of excess hair fall, alopecia, and male pattern baldness.
Hair fall treatment Surgical Procedures
- Hair Transplant Surgery
The surgeon will examine and go for the best option for the surgery that includes either FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant) or FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction).
The surgery involves the extraction of skin plugs, including the hair to apply on the bald region of the scalp. Surgical methods work efficiently on the patients who are losing hairs on the top of the head.
- Scalp reduction & Scalp Flap
In this process, a surgeon will surgically remove the entire bald part of the patient’s scalp and closes the area with the extraction of healthy/ fertile scalp area into it that reduces the chances of hair fall in future.
- PRP Hair Rejuvenation
PRP is one of the safest and non-invasive treatment methods when it comes to hair fall. The insertion of rich plasma cells into the scalp enhances the growth of hair follicle. The FDA even approves the method.
- Intensive Hair Root Therapy
IHR Therapy is one of the recommended treatments in which charged ions are delivered to supply required nutrition into the scalp. It will help to prevent mild hair fall as dermatologists try to infuse the necessary cocktail vital minerals and nutrients to strengthen the hair follicles of the patient’s scalp.
- Scalp expansion
In scalp expansion, the surgeon will insert special devices under the scalp for a required period (around one month) to stretch out the skin. As a result, the patient’s scalp will be seen with the expanded hairy areas recovering the previous bald patches.
An outlook of the Treatment
It’s inevitable to treat aggressive hair fall at home, mainly if it occurs due to certain medical conditions. Today, you will find several procedures from medications to hair transplants methods to curb or reduce the thinning of hairs and baldness. Consult your dermatologist if home remedies or medication don’t help to lessen the effects of excessive hair fall.